City Futures Research Centre Arts, Design and Architecture

City Living: Urban consolidation and the social sustainability of cities

The project is investigating the broader implications of the lived experiences of apartment residents and owners for the social sustainability of cities. The project aims to raise awareness of the unique challenges of apartment ownership and apartment living and provide proposals to support better outcomes for apartment residents and for the broader community. The research will provide information that will help us to understand how the needs of different people living together in strata schemes can best be accommodated and what can be done to make strata properties attractive places to live for everyone. It will open new opportunities for inter-disciplinary and international collaboration and provide evidence to inform planning and urban development policy nationally and internationally.

Research Questions

Why is it that some strata schemes seem to run really well – they are well managed and the people who live them are content – while others are not run so well and the people who live there are less happy?

Does this have anything to do with the mix of people who live in a scheme and the relative control different people have over how the scheme is run?

What can we learn from those strata schemes that are actively tackling specific management issues? Can we use this information to provide tools and resources to assist people who live in and manage schemes to make their schemes better places to live?


Easthope H; van den Nouwelant R; Thompson S, 2020, 'Apartment ownership around the world: Focusing on credible outcomes rather than ideal systems', Cities, vol. 97, pp. 102463 - 102463,

Easthope H; Liu E; Ho C; Buckle C, 2019, 'Diversity in density: Encouraging participation in higher density living', in Bishop K; Marshall N (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of People and Place in the 21st-Century City, Routledge, New York, pp. 79 - 87,

Easthope H, 2019, The Politics and Practices of Apartment Living, Edward Elgar Publishing,

Liu EY; Easthope H; Ho C; Buckle C, 2018, 'Diversity and participation in private apartment buildings: a review of the literature', Geographical Research, vol. 56, pp. 401 - 409,

Easthope, H., & Randolph, B. (2018). Collective responsibility in strata apartments. In E. Altmann, & M. Gabriel (Eds.), Multi-owned property in the Asia-Pacific Region: Rights, Restrictions and Responsibilities (pp. 177-196). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Easthope H, 2016, 'Losing Control at Home?', in Freestone R; Liu E (ed.), Place and Placelessness Revisited, Routledge, New York, pp. 108 - 119,

Sherry C; Easthope H, 2016, 'Under-supply of schooling in the gentrified and regenerated inner city', Cities, vol. 56, pp. 16-23,

Thompson S; Easthope H; Davison G, 2015, 'Weak Tie Relationships in High Density Residential Areas and the Types of Spaces Used to Maintain Them', in Burton P; Shearer H (eds.), State of Australian Cities Conference 2015: Refereed Proceedings, State of Australian Cities Research Network, Gold Coast, presented at State of Australian Cities Conference 2015, Gold Coast, 09 - 11 December 2015,

Easthope H; Warnken J; Sherry C; Coiacetto E; Dredge D; Guilding C; Johnston N; Lamminmaki D; Reid S, 2014, 'How property title impacts urban consolidation: a lifecycle examination of multi-title developments', Urban Policy and Research, vol. 32, pp. 289-304,

Randolph B; Easthope H, 2014, 'The Rise of Micro-government: Strata Title, Reluctant Democrats and the New Urban Vertical Polity', in Gleeson B; Beza B (ed.), The Public City: Essays in Honour of Paul Mees, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria, pp. 210-224,

Leading organisation

University of New South Wales

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